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- 1 -语法新编英语语法教程答案新编英语语法教程 第 01 讲 练习参考答案Ex. 1A1. A. his home work B. quickly, to play2. A. The huge black horseB. the race3. A. have thought aboutB. going into space4. A. warms up and crawlsB. out of the bag5. A. one of the most beautiful planets to look at through a telescopeB. because of the many rings that surround it6. A. 165 yearsB. to complete its path, or orbit,around the sun7. A. you and your brother B. How many pairs of shorts8. A. the most expensive meal listed on the menuB. What9. A. an “Outdoor Code”B. their members10. A. can blowB. as fast as 180 miles 290 kilometers an hour11. A. The spiral of heated air and moist airB. to twist and grow and spin12. A. The direction a hurricane’s spiral movesB. counterclockwise13. A. does not shineB. At the north pole for half of the year14. A. The cold winds that blow off of the Arctic OceanB. a very cold place15. A. might have been B. guilty of murderEx. 1B1. SVCWithin the stricken area, not a single soul remained alive, and the city centre looked as if it had been razed by monster steam-roller.2. SVThe bomb exploded 1,000 ft. above the groun.3. SVOOn August 6, 1945, an American aircraft dropped a bomb on the Janpanese town of Hiroshima.4. SvoOThree days later, yet another bomb of the same kind gave the town of Nagasaki the same fatal blow.5. SVOC- 2 -语法The explosion made one and a half square miles of the city an expense of reddish rubble.6. SVAWithin the fraction of a second, the bomb changed from a metal cylinder into an immense mass of enpanding gas, millions of degrees hot.7. SVOAA tremendous blast of hot air whirled the debris of stone, cencrete, metal, and wood over the ground.Ex. 1C1. Walden Pond, once praised by Thoreau for its natural beauty, is now the site of many tourist stands.2. Almost every summer night the cooling northeast wind swept through our bedroom windows, marking air conditioning unnecessary and a light blanket welcome. / Swepping through our bedroom windows almost every summer night, the cooling northeast wind made3. The steep surrounding slopes were capped with snow, which fed two streams plunging down to join in the valley below.4. With the river on one side and a large tree providing shade, this is a good spot for a picnic, and we can spread our blanket on the grassy knoll.5. Panting for breath after running up the stairs, Mr wood stood at his neighbour’s door and knocked again and again till someone opened it.6. The town folk envied horace, who had come into a small fortune with which he bought a big house and obtained a partnership in the biggest grocery in town.7. Standing in front of the mirror, Jim looked at his image, wondering at the big change that had come over him in recent years.8. The idea that his only daughter whom he had greatly wronged might never forgive him almost drove hime mad.9. The story, written in plain language, consists of three parts with an interesting plot centering round an aristocratic family living in 17th century France.10. Mud-covered and shivering, John sat hunched over a bowl of hot broth prepared by his father to drive off the chill.11. Far above the waters of a beautiful lake and over the tops of the tall pime trees growing on the steep of a hill stand five Chinese-style pavilions.12. Farther down the street, the old man stopped and leaned against a lamp-post, listening to a cheerful song coming out of a restaurant on the oppsite side of the street.13. Sarah sank in the nearest chair, completely exhausted, her limbs stiff with cold, her mind a piece of blank.14. Throughout the day Mrs Rymer behaved very properly, her pleasant, refined face wearing a grave look, her elegant figure wrapped in deep mourning while occasionally she uttered a sigh or a sob.15. Tony thought it necessary to break the news to his family, that Mr Jacob, his er employer, had promised him a half-day job at 20 pounds a week.16. The thought that he might have wronged his friend who had rendered him good services on many occasions troubled his mind, already overburdened with worries and cares.17. The men of the disbanded royal bodyguard, suddenly turned loose onto the street of a capital seething with unrest, unemployed and perhaps disgruntled at their abrupt dismissal, were a potentially dangerous element.18. For many years London has been a business centre with hotel accommadation for visiting businessmen toghter with well-to-do travellers but completely inadequate for the swarms of shour-stay tourists landing at Heathrow or disembarking at Dover.19. Nearing the top, he climbed recklessly faser and faster, his eyes already glowing with triumph, but suddenly he slipped and fell, tumbling to the ground and lying motionless there, a crumpled pile of arms and legs.20. Bertrand Russell was one of the very few persons who have received both the Order of Merit, which was - 3 -语法conferred on him by the British government in 1949, and the Nobel Prize for literature, conferred in Norway in 1950.新编英语语法教程 第 02 讲 练习参考答案Ex. 2A1. come 2. are 3. has / have 4. are 5. are 6. are 7. was / were 8. is 9. costs 10. were 11. are 12. are 13. was 14. are 15. lie 16. were 17. are 18. is 19. is 20. was 21. Has 22. were 23. is 24. is 25. are 26. is 27. are 28. cover, are 29. is / are 30. was/wereEx. 2B1. were 2. have 3. is, is 4. was 5. were 6. is 7. is 8. are 9. is 10. are, are11. have 12. are, their, their 13. was, It, was 14, It / They, is / are 15. are, their, they, disapprove 16. were, they 17. was 18. are 19. were 20. were新编英语语法教程 第 03 讲 练习参考答案Ex. 3A1. is 2. was 3. is 4. has 5. were 6. means 7. is 8. is 9. is 10. is 11. were 12. sells 13. is 14. are 15. are 16. are 17. is 18. is 19. was 20.provides 21. are 22. was 23. stops 24. is 25. is 26. does 27. produces 28. is 29. is 30. wasEx. 3B 1. ’s 2. are 3. is 4. are 5. is 6. was 7. is 8. were 9. is 10. ’s 11. is 12. is, is, is 13. are 14. is 15. have 16. is 17. are 18. looks 19. are 20. are 21. understand 22. has 23. was 24. have 25. was 26. was 27. are 28. is 29. is 30. was 31. is 32. is / are 33. leaves 34. is / are 35. are 36. are 37. is 38. comes 39. is 40. live 41. are 42. points / point 43. are 44. is 45. are 46. was 47. is / are 48. is 49. has 50. wasEx. 3C1. is / are 2. is / are 3. is 4. is / are 5. is / are 6. remain 7. is 8. are 9. has / have 10.care / cares 11. is 12. plays 13. is 14. am 15. are / is 16. was 17. is, has 18. was 19. come 20. is新编英语语法教程 第 04 讲 练习参考答案Ex. 4A1. description 2. arrangement 3. attendance 4. peculiarity 5. expectation 6. argument7. dependence 8. originality 9. exaggeration 10. measurement 11. purity 12. persistence 13. extension 14. statement 15. generosity 16. entrance 17. loneliness18. forgetfulness 19. happiness 20. seriousnessEx. 4B1. strange sounds 2. foods are 3. chief, tribes, their, salmon s4. The runners-up were given pound notes / The runners-up were each given a pound note.5. bodies, their heroes 6. mice, tooth-marks 7. Crises, occur, families8. / 9. / 10. these businesses 11. / 12. fruits are13. / 14. these articles are well written 15. / 16. several personal kindnesses17. / 18. sufferings 19. professors 20. children are playing, sandsEx. 4C1. experience 2. waters 3. for advice 4. an important piece of ination 5. for it is fun6. were not numerous 7. Poultry 8. directors are 9. militia 10. geniuses 11. merchandise has 12. sympathies 13. experiences 14. were times, rivalry 15. clippings, were 16. lookers-on 17. foliage is 18. photos 19. 12-pages 20. Luggage isEx. 4D1. blade 2. piece 3. choir 4. flash 5. lump 6. gang 7. grain 8. head 9. staff 10. collection 11. fleet 12. cluster 13. bundle 14. bunch 15. team 16. piece 17. ear 18. bar 19. herd - 4 -语法20. pack 21. flock 22. crowd / swarm 23. troupe 24. bench 25. grove 26. collection 27. suite 28. squadron 29. band 30. libraryEx. 4E1-5 BCADC 6-10 CBDAB 11-15 ADBBC 16-20 BDCAB新编英语语法教程 第 05 讲 练习参考答案Ex. 5A1. my father has a car2. the bull has horns3. the prisoner escaped4. her parents consented5. somebody released the prisoner6. somebody assassinated the President7. a letter from the general / the general sent a letter8. the crowd felt sympathy9. a college for women10. a summer day, a day in the summer11. the earth has a rough surface12. the absence lasted ten days13. a doctoral degree, a doctorate14. the bird made the nest15. the committee made a report16. a story told by the girl / the girl told a story17. the volcano erupted18. the victim had courage / the victim was courageous19. somebody punished the boy 20. the critics recevied the play in a hostile mannerEx. 5B1. The comedian pered, and he was well received by a huge audience.这位喜剧演员的演出很受广大观众的欢迎。2. She was thankful, for her little girl had quickly recovered.她的小女孩很快康复,为此她非常感谢。3. How to educate children presents a big problem.教育孩子成了大问题。4. He was happy that his wife loved hime.他陶醉于妻子对他的爱情。5. He did that because he loved his wife.他干这个是出于对妻子的爱。6. The enemy was defeated, and the war was brought to an end.战争以敌人的失败而告终。7. John was pleased because his teacher praised him.约翰因受到老师的嘉勉而感到高兴。8. She was punished for stealing, and the punishment was a year in prison.她因偷窃被判刑一年。9. As he had served unfailingly, the servant was remembered in his master’s will as a reward.由于仆人忠实可靠地服务,主人在遗嘱中提出遗赠作为报酬。10. William’s homework is the only example that is never bably done.- 5 -语法只有威廉的家庭作业一贯做得好。Ex. 5C1. Dick’s decision to emigrate to Australia.2. the expansion of the Physics Department / The Physics Department’s expansion3. a novel of Jane Austen’s.4. That long report of Mr Allen’s5. Those new shoes of yours6. the article of the student7. Shakespeare’s tragedies / the tragedies of Shakespeare8. a ship’s carpenter.9. The punishment of the offenders10. the past decade’s events / the events of the past decade11. the enemy’s unconditional surrender / the unconditional surrender of the enemy.12. other people’s criticism of him.13. the younger generation’s education / the education of the younger generation.14. at John Wiley’s, the bookseller’s.15. an article of T. Johns’16. this policy of the government’s17. an idiot’s tale.18. That dog of Frank’s19. This book of Joe Hill’s20. Jane’s letterEx. 5D1. The leg of the table is broken.2. Mary and John’s house is on the corner.3. on birs’s nests.4. the students’ problems.5. at the Joneses’.6. /7. Charles’ car but someone else’s.8. in ten years’ time.9. The products’ effectiveness10. This week’s news than the last two weeks’.11. others’ problems.12. each other’s worries.13. My brother and sister-in-law’s house14. A friend of my father’s15. A wheel of the car16. /17. The baseball player’ wives18. women’s clothing only.19. Milton’s long poems.20. Those new shoes of yours新编英语语法教程 第 06 讲 练习参考答案Ex. 6A1-5 AABDB 6-10 CCCDB 11-15 ACABC 16-20 DBDCD- 6 -语法Ex. 6B1. books 2. end 3. words 4. news 5. weeks 6. sign 7. money 8. intelligence 9. books 10. line 11. sentences 12. strength 13. apple, money, etc 14. case 15. nurses 16. bales 17. novel, ones 18. years, cause 19. rooms 20. casesEx. 6C1-5 BDCAD 6-10 BDBDC 11-15 BBCAB 16-20 CDDCCEx. 6D1. little opportunity to travel.2. many such novels.3. / Neither sentence is correct English.4. He has many more problems5. this kind of apple / these kind s of apples.6. I enjoy either kind, 7. every book in the fiction section.8. than in any other country in the world.9. a greater amount of rainfall this year than there was last year.10. all this luggage / all the luggage at the airport.11. such beautiful poetry / such a beautiful poem that it is hard to believe she has never had a al education.12. a great many friends in New York.13. Whatever nonsense14. That third sister of his15. I can’t for the life of me remember.16. Presumably there are fewer / less diseases17. than all other s.18. once every three months.19. study of language.20. some more soupEx. 6E1. How much work have you done this morning2. To dig a tunnel will need a great amount of labour.3. He’s done the least work.4. There are several s of approaching this problem.5. I know little French.6. There must be less empty talk but more practical work.7. Were there many people at the reception8. May I have a few words with you9. There were fewer people today at the exhibition than yesterday.10. Harry made the fewest mistakes.11. You’ve learnt more poetry and done more rcises than I have.12. Jack’s done the most work and made the most mistakes.13. He’s done a lot of work and made a lot of mistakes.14. A millionaire has lots of moneyand lots of worries.15. Anna has enough worries because she hasn’t got enough money.16. The telephone rang every few minutes.17. We have been persisting in making the experiment all these last few cold days.18. Both his next books on English linguistics will come out in 2006.- 7 -语法19. Soon we learned that we had to wait another three more weeks.20. My brother spent 500 for a second-hand car, but I spent almost twice the amount for the same stuff.Ex. 6F1. much 2. many 3. any 4.some 5. some, any 6. any 7. Some, any 8. many 9. few 10. little 11. fewer 12. little / less 13. either 14. either, neither 15. Both 16. All 17. none 18. every 19. each 20. any, all新编英语语法教程 第 07 讲 练习参考答案Ex. 7A1. 0 2. 0 3. the, an 4. the 5. 0 6. the, the, the 7. 0, a 8. 0, the 9. a, the 10. the 11. 0, the 12. A 13. The, the 14. the 15. 0, 0 16. 0, the 17. 0, a, an, a, the 18. the, the, a, the 19. the, the, the, the, the, the 20. a, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 / aEx. 7B1. a 2. the 3. a 4. a 5. a 6. an 7. the 8. the 9. a 10. the 11. 0 12. the13. a 14. the 15. a 16. 0 17. the 18. a 19. a 20. a / the 21. an 22. the 23. a 24. 0 25. an 26. the 27. the 28. the 29. the 30. a 31. the 32. the 33. a 34. a 35. the 36. the 37. the 38. the 39. an 40. 0 41. 0 42. 0 43. a
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