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湖南省衡阳市 2018 年初中学业水平考试英语试题Ⅰ.听力技能对话理解。根据你所听到的对话,从 A、B、C 三个选项中选择最佳选项回答问题。听下面五段对话,每听完一段对话,回答一个小题。1.Can Jenney play the guitarA. Yes, she can B. No, she can’t C. I don’t know2.How can Li Hong improve her EnglishA. By writing more B. By listening more C. By reading more3.What are they talking aboutA. The rivers B. The weather C. The earth4.Who runs fastest of the threeA. Mike B. Jack C. Bill5.When will Linda probably come to the partyA. At 830 p.m. B. At 800 p.m. C. At 730 p.m.听第六段对话,回答第 67 小题。6.How many times has Dick been to the West Lake ParkA. Once B. Twice C. Never7.Where will they goA. To the West Lake Park B. To Nanhu Park C. To Pinghu Park听第七段对话,回答第 89 小题。8.When is Mike’s birthdayA. April 13th B. April 17th C. May 4th9.What birthday present will the two speakers send MikeA. A watch B. A football C. A basketball听第八段对话,回答第 1012 小题。10.Where is the man’s wifeA. In Changsha B. In Beijing C. In Shanghai11.Who will look after TomA. His mother B. His father C. The woman12.What do we know about the womanA. She likes children B. She still works C. She is a teacher听第九段对话,回答第 1315 小题。13.Why did the woman come back to the storeA. Because she left her bag in the storeB. Because she forgot to pay for the pearsC. Because she got the wrong bag with her14.How many pears did the woman buyA. Three B. Four C. Six15.What did the man do at lastA. He paid for the pears for the womanB. He changed the bag for the womanC. He returned the bag to the womanⅡ.阅读技能(A)完形填空。通读短文,掌握大意,然后从 A、B、 C 三个选项中选择正确答案填空。Numbers in different countries may have different meanings. In China, some people think that some numbers bring them___1___. Take “8” for example, the Chinese pronunciation of the number “8” has almost the___2___sound as that of the Chinese character “发 [fa]”, which means making a fortune. So, many Chinese people spend a lot of___3___to get their telephone numbers or car numbers to include this number “8”. They believe without___4___doubt that the number will bring them money.___5___, others don’t believe that numbers have anything to do with good luck. They think such an idea is only an ignorant愚昧的 and superstitious迷信的 belief. A number is one thing, and good luck is___6___. They will ask, “___7___can you ever have any good luck simply because of some lucky numbers, even if you don’t work hard, don’t have good opportunities and don’t get along well with the people around you”As for me, I___8___with the latter后者. Clearly, lucky numbers are only a kind of superstition. Perhaps it holds true for some cases, but often it does not. Numbers can___9___bring good luck to a person at all and our fortune is in our own hands. So, everyone can have a good fortune only if he tries his best. Let’s always remember “Opportunities are only for the___10___mind” and “No pains, no gains.”1. A. good luck B. had luck C. failure2. A. different B. same C. similar3. A. time B. money C. things4. A. no B. some C. any5. A. However B. What’s more C. At last6. A. other B. the other C. another7. A. How B. What C. Why8. A. agree B. disagree C. dislike9. A. often B. always C. never10. A. clever B. lucky C. prepared【答案】1. A 2. B 3. B 4. C 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. A 9. C 10. C【解析】试题分析本文以中国的数字 8 为例,解释了所谓的幸运数字和好运之间并没有什么联系,指出幸运数字只是一种迷信,不能给人带来好运,真正的财富掌握在自己手中。1. 句意在中国,有些人认为有些数字会带来好运。考查形容词短语辨析题。A. good luck 好运气;B. bad luck 坏运气;C. failure 失败。根据下文 However, others don’t believe that numbers have anything to do with good luck.,结合句意语境,可知选 A。2. 句意以“8”为例,数字“8”的中文发音与汉字“发[fa ]”几乎相同,意味着发财。考查形容词辨析题。be different from 不同于;the same as 和相同的;the similar to 和相似的。根据句意结构,可知选 B。3. 句意因此,许多中国人花了很多钱来获取他们的电话号码或车号以包含这个数字“8”。考查名词辨析题。spend time/money to do,花费时间/金钱做某事;根据下文 They believe without any doubt that the number will bring them money.,结合句意语境,可知获得好的号码需要花钱,故选 B。4. 句意毫无疑问,他们相信这个数字会为他们带来金钱。考查形容词辨析题。A. no 没有的;B. some 一些的;C. any 任何的。空格处为定语,修饰介宾(名词)doubt,需填形容词;without any doubt 毫无疑问,相当于 no doubt 无疑地;根据句意语境,可知选 C。5. 句意然而,其他人不相信数字与好运有任何关系。考查连词辨析题。A. However 然而,用于转折;B. What’s more 更重要的是,用于强调;C. At last 最后。本句和前文是转折关系,表达两种截然不同的观点,需要 however 连接;根据句意语境,可知选 A。6. 句意数字是一回事,好运是另一回事。考查不定代词辨析题。A. other 别的,形容词,后接名词;B. the other 两者中的另一个,表特指; C. another 又一个/再一个,表示不确定。空白处后面没有名词,需用代词;根据句中的“one“可知,两句是“oneanother“ 结构,意思是“ 一个另一个“,可知选 C。7. 句意你怎么可能仅仅因为一些幸运数字而拥有好运呢考查疑问词辨析题。A. How 怎么,问情况;B. What(是)什么,问事/物;C. Why 为什么,问原因。空格处为状语,表方式,需用 how 提问;根据句意语境,可知 BC 两项不合句意,故选 A。8. 句意至于我,我同意后者。考查动词辨析题。A. agree 同意;B. disagree 不同意;C. dislike 不喜欢。agree with 同意某人的观点;根据下文 Clearly, lucky numbers are only a kind of superstition. Perhaps it holds true for some cases, but often it does not.,可知作者同意幸运数字只是一种迷信的看法。故选 A。9. 句意数字永远不会给一个人带来好运,我们的财富掌握在自己手中。考查副词辨析题。A. often 经常;B. always 总是/一直;C. never 从不,表否定。空格处为状语,根据句中的“at all“可知,需用表示否定意义的副词,故选 C。10. 句意让我们永远记住“机遇只适合准备好的人”和“ 没有痛苦,没有收获 ”。考查形容词辨析题。A. clever 聪明的; B. lucky 幸运的;C. prepared 事先准备好的。根据句意语境,结合名言,可知 prepared 合乎句意,故选 C。点睛完型填空是难度最大的题。它集阅读理解、语法、词法、句法于一体。是考查语言综合运用的能力的一道题。解题的方法第一要带着空,通读文章,搞清事件发生的背景。紧紧抓住上下文语境所提供的信息,充分利用各种线索,语法知识,以及句子之间的关系,词的搭配,结合上下文背景语境,结合句意选择适合语境的选项。(B )阅读下面的短文,并根据短文内容判断正误。正确的用(T) ,错误的用(F ) 。Once upon a time, there was a tree which wanted to become a treasure box. One day, a farmer cut it down and sold it to a carpenter木匠. The tree was happy because he thought the carpenter would make it into a treasure box.To its surprise, the carpenter made it into a feed box for animals. The tree felt very disappointed because that was not its dream. Several years later, the feed box was thrown away. Someone picked it up and placed it into an old temple. The tree forgot its dream little by little.One day, a couple came to the temple. The woman gave birth to a baby boy. There wasn’t a bed in the temple. So they placed the baby in the feed box. They loved him and regarded him as their treasure. The tree suddenly realized that it became a real “treasure box” at that time.Sometimes you may think your dream will not come true. Don’t forget your dream. It may be realized in another new way.11. The tree felt very sad when the farmer sold it to a carpenter12. The carpenter made the tree into a treasure box13. To be a feed box was the tree’s dream14. The couple used the feed box as their baby’s bed15. Never give up your dream, it may be realized in another new way【答案】11. F 12. F 13. F 14. T 15. T【解析】试题分析这是一篇寓言故事,通过一棵树的经历,告诉我们不要放弃梦想,它可以用另一种新的方式来实现。11. 题意当农夫把它卖给木匠时,树感到很伤心。考查细节理解题。根据 The tree was happy because he thought the carpenter would make it into a treasure box.,可知说法错误,故选 F。12. 题意木匠把这棵树做成了一个宝箱。考查细节理解题。根据 To its surprise, the carpenter made it into a feed box for animals.,可知说法错误,故选 F。13. 题意成为饲料箱是树的梦想。考查细节理解题。根据 The tree felt very disappointed because that was not its dream.,可知说法错误,故选 F。14. 题意这对夫妇用饲料箱做婴儿床。考查细节理解题。根据 So they placed the baby in the feed box.,可知说法正确,故选 T。15. 题意永远不要放弃你的梦想,它可能以另一种新的方式实现。考查细节理解题。根据 Don’t forget your dream. It may be realized in another new way.,可知说法正确,故选 T。C阅读下面的短文,并根据短文内容回答所提问题。Mr. Guo is a teacher from Xi’an. He asked his students to hand in their homework through a QR code二维码. “We spent an hour or two in class learning how to generate使产生 the codes, and in the end everything gets easier.” Said Guo, “When students finish the homework, they keep it on WeChat. Then, each student makes his own QR code and gives it to me. So I can check their work anywhere using my computer or telephone.”The QR codes can be sent to Mr. Guo by email, QQ and WeChat. When Guo scans扫描 his students’ QR codes, their homework appears on his phone. He finds that their homework becomes more creative, with many pictures, music and even videos.Guo’s students like the new way and think it is interesting. “We are living in the ination age. Many students like to work with computers, which makes learning more fun.” Said Tingting, a student of Guo’s. “The paper is not easy to keep, but the code is easy to keep and share.” Guo said, “It is worth trying to use new technology in education. Education itself is a kind of creation. I don’t want my students to fall behind the times.”However, some parents are worried. They are afraid that their children will spend too much time on computers and less time communicating with teachers. But in fact, it’s unnecessary. Students still need to look up ination in books and write it down when they do their homework. They only use the codes when they hand in their work, which doesn’t take them too much time. Also for teachers, it allows them to check the students’ work at any time. And it’s also an easy way to share homework with other students.16. According to the passage, Guo’s students can keep their homework on WeChat, can’t they_____________________________________________________________________________17. How can the QR codes be sent to Mr. Guo_____________________________________________________________________________18. What is one of the advantages of the new way of handing in homework_______________________________________________________________________________19. What do some parents worry about__________________________________________________________________________________20. What do you think of the new way of handing in homework__________________________________________________________________________________【答案】16. Yes, they can 17. By email, QQ and we Chat. 18. The code is easy to keep and share/The teacher can check the homework anywhere at any time. 19. They worry/are afraid their children will spend too much time on computers and less time communicating with teachers. 20. 开放式回答It is interesting /useful /helpfut.【解析】试题分析本文以郭老师允许学生通过 QR 码交作业的实例,说明新的家庭作业方式的优点代码容易保存和共享,教师可以随时随地查看学生作业。同时,解答了家长们的担心。16. 题意根据文章,郭的学生可以在微信上做作业,不是吗考查文意理解题。根据短文内容和 When students finish the homework,they keep it on WeChat ,可知说法正确,故填 Yes, they can。17. 题意QR 码怎么寄给郭先生考查细节理解题。根据 The QR codes can be sent to Mr. Guo by email, QQ and WeChat.,可知填 By email, QQ and we Chat.。18. 题意新的家庭作业方式的优点是什么考查细节理解和综合理解题。根据文中学生婷婷的话 The paper is not easy to keep, but the code is easy to keep and share.和倒数第二句 Also for teachers, it allows them to check the students’ work at any time.,可知填 The code is easy to keep and share/The teacher can check the homework anywhere at any time.。19. 题意有些家长担心什么考查细节理解题。根据 They are afraid that their children will spend too much time on computers and less time communicating with teachers.,可知填 They worry/are afraid their children will spend too much time on computers and less time communicating with teachers.。20. 题意你认为新的提交家庭作业方法怎么样考查综合理解题。根据短文内容,结合学生的普遍看法Guo’s students like the new way and think it is interesting.,可知填 It is interesting/useful /helpful.。(D)阅读下面短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。World famous physicist物理学家 Stephen Hawking died peacefully at his home in Cambridge on March 14th, 2018. Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8th, 1942. He went to school in a small city near London. As he himself admitted, he wasn’t very serious about studying. He did very little work, he was never top of his class. However, he still achieved good marks. After leaving school, Hawking first went to Oxford University to study physics. Then he went to Cambridge University to study cosmology宇宙学.At the age of 21, Hawking noticed something wrong with him. He had a bad illness that stopped him from moving and talking. He couldn’t communicate except by blinking眨眼. He sat on a wheelchair with a computer by his side. To communicate with others, he moved two fingers to control the computer’s mouse. He chose his words from the screen, which were then spoken by a voice synthesizer音响合成器. “I’ve had the disease for most of my life,” Hawking once said, “Yet it has not stopped me from being successful at my work.”Although Hawking was a disabled man, he made great achievements. He received many awards and prizes for his work, including the Albert Einstein Awardthe highest achievement in physics.Hawking worked at Cambridge University as a professor. His story shows that nobody, however bad their situation is, should lose hope. “Life is not fair.“ he once said, “You just have to do the best you can in your own situation.“21. When did Stephen Hawking pass awayA. On January 8th, 1942 B. On March 14th, 2018 C. On March 24th, 201822. During studying in a small city near London, we know that .A. Stephen Hawking was the best student of his classB. Stephen Hawking didn’t work hard at his lessonsC. Stephen Hawking began to study cosmology23. What happened to Stephen Hawking when he was 21A. There was something wrong with his headB. He couldn’t even blink to communicate except by moving fingersC. He could neither talk nor move24. How did Stephen Hawking communicate with others after the bad illnessA. By mouth B. By body languages C. By a voice synthesizer25. Why was Stephen Hawking so successful at his workA. Because he never hope in his own conditionB. Because life was not fair for himC. Because he had a bad illness【答案】21. B 22. B 23. C 24. C 25. A【解析】试题分析本文是一篇人物小传,简要介绍了霍金身残志坚、取得诸多成就的传奇一生,启发人们身处逆境也不要放弃希望,要像霍金一样尽最大的努力去工作学习。21. 题意史蒂芬·霍金什么时候去世的考查细节理解题。根据第一句 World famous physicist Stephen Hawking died peacefully at his home in Cambridge on March 14th, 2018.,可知选 B。22. 题意在伦敦附近的一个小城市学习期间,我们知道 。考查细节理解题。A. Stephen Hawking was the best student of his class 史蒂芬· 霍金是班上最好的学生。 B. Stephen Hawking didn’t work hard at his lessons 史蒂芬·霍金没有认真学习功课。 C. Stephen Hawking began to study cosmology 史蒂芬·霍金开始研究宇宙学。根据 As he himself admitted, he wasn’t very serious about studying. He did very little work, he was never top of his class.,可知他对学习不是很认真,故选 B。23. 题意史蒂芬·霍金 21 岁时发生了什么事考查细节理解题。A. There was something wrong with his head 他的头有点不对劲。B. He couldn’t even blink to communicate except by moving fingers 除了动手指,他连眨眼都不眨。C. He could neither talk nor move 他既不会说话也不会移动。根据 At the age of 21, Hawking noticed something wrong with him. He had a bad illness that stopped him from moving and talking. He couldn’t communicate except by blinking. 他不能移动和说话了,可知选 C。24. 题意史蒂芬·霍金生病后是怎么和别人交流的考查细节理解题。根据 To communicate with others, he moved two fingers to control the computer’s mouse. He chose his words from the screen, which were then spoken by a voice synthesizer.他利用音响合成器和别人交流,可知选 C。25. 题意为什么 Stephen Hawking 在他的工作中如此成功考查文意理解题。根据作者的议论和霍金的话His story shows that nobody, however bad their situation is, should lose hope. “Life is not fair.“ he once said, “You just have to do the best you can in your own situation.“,结合霍金和命运抗争的事实,可知选 A。点睛对于阅读理解题,首先要粗读文章了解大意,其次通过细读,理解全文。在粗读的基础上,仔细阅读题后所给的题目,根据题目要求,再有重点地返回来仔细阅读。在阅读理解的题目中,所设问题主要有以下几种方式找主题或概括文章的中心思想、就文中的具体事实和情节进行提问、根据文章的表层意思进行深层次的推理判断等,在细读时,要根据设问的方式,进行有侧重地阅读。1、概括文章中心思想。1文首呈现主题句。2文尾出现主题句。 3首尾呼应展现主题。 4文中表述主题。前面提出问题,文中的主题由随之陈述的细节或合乎逻辑的引申在文
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