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薇拉·凯瑟的关爱伦理3a《邻居罗西基》和《岩石上的阴影》的生态女性主义解读.pdf

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引言先简要介绍薇拉·凯瑟以及评论界对她的研究现状,接着阐释了该研究的重要意义,最后是论文的布局以及各章节的概要。第一章主要介绍生态女性主义和其倡导的关爱伦理,以及对薇拉·凯瑟生态女性主义意识产生影响的几个因素和两部小说的创作背景和内容梗概。第二章探讨薇拉·凯瑟对待自然的关爱伦理以及对人类中心主义的解构。人类和自然在一个生物共同体里相互依存,人类应该热爱并保护自然。第三章探讨薇拉·凯瑟对待女性的关爱伦理以及对男性中心主义的解构。凯瑟认为女性的优点应该得到肯定和提倡,男人和女人在家庭生活中应该相互理解和帮助。第四章论述薇拉·凯瑟对待人际关系的关爱伦理以及建构和谐社会的期望。人和人之间是平等的,紧密相连的,每个人都应该赢得尊重和关爱。最后结论认为凯瑟是一位具有前瞻性生态女性主义意识的作家。通过对罗西基、塞西尔的成功塑造,凯瑟解构了人类中心主义和男性中心主义并建构了人与自然、男性与女性以及人与人之间和谐共存的理想家园。本文力图通过生态女性主义批评的视角来拓宽薇拉·凯瑟后期作品的文学研究范围。在环境危机和精神危机日益严重的今天,探索凯瑟在其作品中的生态女性主义智慧有着重要的意义。通过这样的研究,有助于唤醒人们的生态女性主义意识,从而重新审视人与自然、男性与女性以及人与人之间的关系,进而携手共建一个和谐社会。关键词薇拉·凯瑟生态女性主义关爱伦理性别平等生态和谐Willa Cather s Ethics of CareAn EcofeministInterpretation of Neighbour Rosicky and Shadows onthe RockAbstractEnglish Language and LiteratureStudentChert TingboEuropean CultureAdvisorHu ZhihongWilla Cather,the 1 992 Pulitzer Prize Winner,is one of the mostfameIUS and prolific woman writers in American literary history.During her lifetime,she has completed 12 long novels and more than60 ShoIlt stories,which have been interpreted from a wide variety ofangles.But the critical attention is mainly focused on the pioneeringspirit,gender issues and Southern heritage in her early works and fewtry to make an coofeminist study of her later works.EcofI锄inism is a combination of feminism and ecologicalmovements,dealing with close connections between the domination ofme nacllral world and the domination of women. It identifiesantbxopocentrism and androcentrism as the roots of the oppression ofnatllre and women and advocates interdependence and ethics of care tocons仃uct a harmonious world devoid of any kind of opposition andbe respected and cared for.The conclusion argues that Willa Cather isa novelist with ail amazing foresight of ecofeminist wisdom.Rosickyand Cecile are the ideal mall and woman in Cathcr’S mind.Throughthe construction of them,Cather deconstructs anthropocentrism andandrocentrism and constructs an ideal society characterized by the●●VlLI■rC ontentsIntroduction...............................................................1Chapter One EeofeminismAn Integration of Women andNature.....................................................................111.1 Ecofeminism and Ethics ofCare.1l1.2 Influences ofWilla Cather’S Ecofeminist Consciousness..141.3 The Social Context of Neighbour Rosicky and Shadows on theRo‘磊j.20Chapter Two Cather’S Ethics of Care for NatureDeconstructingAnthropocentrism................................................···252.1 Anthropocentfismthe Root ofOppression ofNature.......252.2 Nature’S Beauty and Values Reflected in Neighbour Rosicky andShadows on the Rock........282.3 The‘ Biotic Community ’of Humans and Nature..............342.3.1 Rosicky’S Sense ofBelonging to Nature....................342.3.2 Cecile’S Love and Respect forNature37Chapter Three Cather’S Ethics of Care for WomenDeconstructing Androcentrism........................................423.1 Androcentrismthe Root ofOppression ofWomen..433.2 Advocacy ofWomen’S Culture and Domesticity443.2.1 Rosicky’S Feminine Qualities..453.2.2 Cecile’S Faith in Domestic Rituals..483.3 Mutual Dependence and Equality in the Rosicky’S and theⅥl一IntroductionWilla Cather18731947,the 1992 Pulitzer Prize Winner,is oneof the most famous female writers in the first half of the 20th centuryin American literary history.She has completed 12 long novels andmore than 60 short stories during her lifetime and many critics thinkshe ranks equally to Henry James,Ernest Hemin剿and WilliamFaulkner.Addressing in the Newsweek of 1 938,Sinclair Lewisdeclared that he would vote for Willa Cather as the title of‘‘greatestAmerican novelists”in his daysPeck 255.In 1 974,When SixteenModern American Writers Was published,Cather Was the only womanwriter chosen in itMiddleton 1 9.As such an important woman writer in American literary history,Cather’S writings have been interpreted from a wide variety of angles.Some critics focus meir attention on the pioneering spirit;some centeron cultural transmission and nationalism;and also some others focuson her gender concerns and Southern heritage.Scholar Zhou Vujunhelps us a lot to have a clear look at the recent criticism.In hisdissertation研肠CatherA Study of Her Fiction of Romance.Mr.Zhou gives us a brief overview of Cather studies in the last severaldecades.He declares that there ale three major branches in the studiesof Willa Cather“myth criticism of Cather,Cather’S romanticism andpsychological studies on Cather ’1 4.Myth criticism has been a significant approach to Cather studies.12‘一American ideal of imaginative possession;her characters enjoy aspecial inheritance according to the same laws that govem Emerson’simaginative assimilation of nature as all extension of the self ’Yang36、.By reading the analysis of Cather’s romanticism studies,my viewis也at no matter which kind of romanticism Cather belongs to,sheaims at expressing her love of nature in her writings and treats thenature as a living being,a subject,and a friend ofhumanity.Another group of critics make psychological studies on her“lesbian ’or say,gender inclination.In 1 970s,Cather Was firstlydescribed 2Ls a lesbian writer.After that,more and more critics havebeen interested in her homosexual orientation and the gender issues inher novels.Willa CatherThe Emerging Voice,written by Sharon0,Brien,is the most powerful criticism that claims that Cather is alesbi距writer.In the book,0’Brien argues that before O Pioneers,Cather’S works unconsciously reflect the conflict between her lesbiannaCure and the social convention.And her later works are about herstruggle and solution of that conflict.However,O’Brien has noconvincing evidence to prove Cather’S lesbianism.In‘fact,we canneVcr know whether Cather is a lesbian or not and tin now we still cannot find any“evidence”of her emotional issues in her writings.Butone point we call be sure of is that Cather,as a woman writer,wants tospeak authentically and powerfully.Her depiction of female charactersin her writings is always s仃ong,brave and conscious of identity andself如lfillment.For example,the heroines in her three successivenovelsO Pioneers,The Song of the Lark,and My Antonia are
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