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转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 1专转本英语精华知识点1.have the ability to do能够做,有能力做 He has the ability to make very good boat.enable sb to do使能做 Internet has enabled us to get ination from all over the world. Be capable of能够做 He is capable of drawing oil painting. be able to do能够做 He is able to read and write in English. 2. absent 反义词present be absent from3. abroad国外,海外 live go Many young people are eager to go abroad to study. 4. access 入口,途径;机会,权利。Have access to sthCitizens in the town all have access to the books in the local(当地的) library. assess 估计5. absorb 吸收 be absorbed in全神贯注于All the students are absorbed in Professor’s lecture on China’s economy. 6. accept接受 receive收到(不一定接受),招待,款待She received a gift from him, but she didn’t accept it. 7. by accidentby chance 偶然地on purpose 故意地 8. according to 根据 According to the article, environmental pollution has been taken under control. 9. take into accounttake into consideration 把考虑在内 I hope my teacher will take into account my illness when he grades our test paper.Account for 解释,说明 的原因/ on account ofbecause of10. accuse sb of sth charge sb withfor sth 指责 做了;指控 犯了He was accused of robbing the bank and sentenced ten years in jail.His mother charged him with being lazy. 转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 211. be accustomed to be used to 习惯于 后接 sth或 doing sthused to 过去有 过去常常 后接 do sthbe used to do被用来做Mr. Smith is not used/accustomed to driving on the right.He used to get up early while he was in the middle school. The wood is used to make tissue.12. achieve 获得,达到/ achieve one’s goalYou will achieve nothing if you waste your time this way. 13. adaptadjust to 适应 adopt 收养;采用You should adapt to college life as soon as possible. He adjusted himself very quickly to the weather in the country. 14. add to 增添 add up to 总计达 15. in additiontobesides 此外 In order to master a foreign language, we should learn some grammar. In addition, we’d better learn some words.16. adequateenough 17. admit 承认 / be admitted into 被录取。。。He admitted his mistake at last.18. in advance 预先,提前ahead of timeYou should in me in advance if you are going to come. 19. take advantage of make use of 利用We can take advantage of computer to analyze data.A good habit in learning is to make full use of class time.20. affect v. effect n. influence v except除了不包含在内No one knows what happened except Mr. Smith.He has a large collection of books besides CDs. 32. apply for 申请 apply to 应用He has successfully applied for a position in the company. 33. appreciate 欣赏 感激doingI really appreciate your coming to the party. 类似动词有 enjoy, mind介意, avoid避免, escape逃避, can’t help禁不住, risk冒险, needwant 需要 insist on 坚持persist inMy hair needs cutting.me hair needs to be cut. 34. approve 赞成, 批准 approve of35. argue with sb about sth 与争论 36. arise vi 起源于,产生 arise fromrise vi 升起(太阳,工资,职位)arouse vt 唤起,引起 arouse one’s concernraise vt 举起/抚养/筹集 raise hands/kids/moneyAccidents often arise from carelessness.(产生) His speech aroused little interest among the students.(引起,激起) The company has raised the prices of its products.(提高) The prices of goods rose day by day during the Spring Festival.(上升) 37.Artificial 人工的,假的 flowers 38. as for 至于as to 关于,至于as if/though 似乎,好象 39. ask for 要求 40. attach importance to 重视 41. pay attention to 重视转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 5catch one’s attention 引起 注意/重视42. available 可得/买到的 There is no ticket available. 43. average 平均 on the Every student has 2 or 3 English reference books. 44. be aware of realize 意识到 Be conscious of He apologized to us for the mistake as soon as he was aware of it. Be unaware of 没有意识到Those who are unaware of their abilities can not progress. be sure 一定要,肯定Be sure not to be late for the meeting. I’m sure the play will be a great success.See to sth 处理,注意,照顾Please see to the correctness of the document. See to it that no one enters without identification. 45. back支持 Who is backing you up on the projectYou’d better make a backup of the important ination before renewing the system. 46. background 背景 foreground 前景Educational background Social background Family background47. base on 把建立在基础之上 His article is based on the research/imagination. On the basis of He made great discovery in this field on the basis of some forerunners’ theories. 48. bear 忍受,容忍 同义词 endure tolerate stand put up with She cannot bear to see the child in pains.You should bear in mind those active words and phrases. 49. do/try one’s utmost 尽某人全力做He said he would try his best to carry out the plan. 转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 650. because因为There will be no meeting because the manager will be on the vacation next week. because of on account of/ out of His wedding will be put off because of his father’s death. 51. best make the of 很好地利用 Make the best of what you get/ talents/ potentials 52. had better do 最好 You’d better finish reading the book in this week, since I’m going to return it to the library.would rather do 宁愿 I’d rather go there myself. I would rather that you ______ see the scene.A don’t B didn’t C shouldn’t D wouldn’t 53. beyond 超出 The professor’s lecture is beyond me/beyond my understanding 超出我的理解范围 . The apple on the tree is beyond my reach够不着 。 Wining a lottery is beyond my wildest dream. 54. Both and两者都 eitheror 或者 或者 Either he or I am going to help you. Neither he nor I am going to help you. neither . nor. 两者都不 I will not help you, nor will he. 55. be bound to do 注定 You’re bound to succeed as long as(只要) you keep on trying. 56. break into闯入 break out 爆发 break through 突破 break up 关系等破裂 He didn’t make any breakthrough in his research. He witnessed the outbreak of WWII. 58. call offcancel 取消 call onvisit 拜访 call for 请求,号召The president called for/on the people to fight against the invaders. 转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 759. care for 关心, 在乎 take care 保重 take care oflook after 照顾 60. carry on 继续 carry out 实施,执行 They decided to carry out /implement the plan despite the opposition. 61. case 事实,实情;箱子;案例;病例 in case of 以防,万一. In most cases 在大多数情况下 In no case 决不 in no way by no means 62. catch up with 赶上,保持一致 keep up withkeep pace with 63. be in charge of 掌管,负责 take charge of 掌管, 负责 charge for 开价,要价 The short man there is in charge of our company. The hotel charges 100 for a double room. 64. challenge 挑战 65. change 零钱n.,换零钱v. 改变66. comfort v. n 安慰; 舒适,舒服 comfortable 舒服的, 舒适的 67. have in common 有共同之处 Although they are twins they have little in common. 68. communicate 传播,交流 with sb.69. compare to 把 比作. compare with 把 与 相比 Poets like comparing their lovers to red roses. Compared with brain, computer still has some shortcomings. 70. complain of/about 抱怨 71. be made up of 由. 组成 be composed of consist of 72. concentrate on 集中注意力于 be engaged in 73. as far as be concerned 就 而言 As far as wages are concerned, I’m very dissatisfied with the present job. Concerningabout 关于 74. contribute 捐献 contribute to 有助于 Computers will contribute many conveniences to our work. 75. control / out of control 失去控制 under 在控制之下 76. convenient 方便,便利的 转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 877. convince 使相信/信服 convince of I’m convincedI believe that where there is a will, there is a way. He was not convinced of his wife’s guilty. 78. cope with deal with handle 处理,应付 79. at the cost of 以为代价 He saved the drown child at the cost of his own life. at the risk of 冒着危险 cost spend 花费The overcoat cost him 200. He spent 200 on in buying the overcoat. 80. count on depend on rely on 依靠,依赖81. create 创造 82. custom 习俗 customs 海关 83. damage 损坏(部分,可修复) destroy 毁灭(全部,不可修复) hurt 伤害 injure 受伤 ruin 摧毁(不可修复/慢) spoil 破坏心情,兴致等 Our holiday was spoiled by the bad weather. The earthquake has destroyed the city entirely. 84. a good/great deal 许多,大量 large amount of U85. degree 学位 程度extent to some extent/degree 在某种程度上 86. demand/ order /suggest/ propose /insist 等后 that 从句用虚拟语气(加动词原形) The general ordered that the bridge should be repaired before daybreak. 87. deny 否认,拒绝(给予) sth./ doing sth.He denied breaking the window. Women were denied the right to vote in the past in the U.S. 88. in detail 详细地He explained the question to us in . 89. devote . To 致力于 dedicate ..to .. The scientist devoted his whole life to the study of chemistry. 转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 990. do away with 废除get rid of 摆脱 除掉have something/nothing to do with 与 有/无关 It has nothing to do with what you are talking about. Do away with the law. He managed to get rid of the man followed him. 91. drop indrop byvisit 92. due 到期的(按计划,安排要)发生,到达的 The book will be due next week. What time will the next bus be due The next meeting is due to be held in three months’ time. due to because ofowing to 因为,由于His promotion is due to his hard working. Due to the heavy rain, we have to give up the plan for the weekend. 93. economic 经济的economical 节俭的 94. effective 有效的efficient 效率高的 95. else 其它的 something somebody 96. in the end 最终(结果)at last 最后(经过很长时间)I have finished the essay at last.We were thinking of going to England, but in the end we went to the USA. 97. enjoy oneselfhave a good time 玩的开心help oneself 随便 98. establishset upfound 99. evidentobviousapparent 明显的 显而易见的 100. for examplefor instance 121. give in屈服,让步 give up 放弃 give off发出 The gas given off by automobiles is harmful to people’s health.转本英语最后冲刺必背知识点 10Don’t give up until you succeed. He gave in finally under the pressure. 122. go on to do sth 接着做(另一件事) go on doing sth 继续做(同一件事) go on a diet节食 go over 复习 123. grant take for granted 对想当然,对习以为常 We usually take it for granted that the government should work for the welfare 福利 of the people. 124. grow up 成长 grown-up 成年人 125. hand in 上交 hand in hand on one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 126. hardly 几乎不 Hardly/scarecely whenno sooner than 一 . 就. The town has changed so quickly that I can hardly recognize it . Hardly had we reached home when it began raining. 127. do good to对有益 do harm to对有害 128. learn by heart 记住 lose heart 失去信心 129. can’t help doing sth 禁不住做 She couldn’t help crying when she heard the news that her father passed away 130. hold hold back 控制住(感情等) hold up 阻止,妨碍 131. in a hurry匆忙,快 in no hurry 不急132. insist 从句用should do, should 可以省略 He insisted that we go there together相同用法的词suggest, order, demand, propose 133. instead instead of 代替,相反 I’m still wondering why he asked John for help instead of Tom.134. intend to do 想要做 135. involve.. in..介入,卷入 I don’t want to be involved in their quarrel.
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