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我国男篮中锋的发展现状和对策.pdf

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湖北大学学位论文原创性声明和使用授权说明原创性声明本人郑重声明所呈交的论文是本人在导师的指导下独立进行研究所取得的研究成果。除了文中特别加以标注引用的内容外,本论文不包含任何其他个人或集体已经发表或撰写的成果作品。对本文的研究做出重要贡献的个人和集体,均已在文中以明确方式标明。本人完全意识到本声明的法律后果由本人承担。论文作者签名弧’日期伽/-,年‘月10日学位论文使用授权说明本学位论文作者完全了解学校有关保留、使用学位论文的规定,即按照学校要求提交学位论文的印刷本和电子版本;学校有权保存并向国家有关部门或机构送交论文的复印件和电子版,并提供目录检索与阅览服务;学校可以允许采用影印、缩印、数字化或其它复制手段保存学位论文;在不以赢利为目的的前提下,学校可以公开学位论文的部分或全部内容。保密论文在解密后遵守此规定作者签名 1 c文’,指导教师签名b衔弓矿扣加.埘.口易.勺曰,向●,}l撕2期期日日捅 姜长期以来,中锋的强弱成了衡量一个国家篮球队是否世界强队的重要标准,“得中锋者得天下”是篮球这项巨人运动的一条规律。2009年,因为中锋姚明的受伤缺阵,导致国家队在第25届亚洲男篮锦标赛上惨败给伊朗队。姚明的缺阵彻底暴露了我国男篮存在的问题,还原了中国队内线的实际水平。随着我国经济建设的快速发展,人们的生活水平越来越高,体育活动成了人们提高生活质量的重要手段,导致各项体育事业得到了空前的发展与进步,篮球作为开展最普及的运动项目之一也在其中。我国的篮球事业因为先后培养出了王郅志、姚明等NBA球员,倍受国人的关注。2009年中国男篮在国际大赛的数次败绩暴露出来的问题,让人值得深思。本研究从我国男篮中锋的发展历程出发,结合我国男篮中锋在国内、外比赛中的情况,分别把CBA联赛中的外援中锋和代表美国参加国际大赛的梦之队中锋做为参照对象,在身体形态,年龄,上场情况,技术上的情况进行了对比分析,找出两者存在的差距;了解我国中锋的发展状况;并对我国中锋身体对抗差进行了分析探讨,提出相应的对策。采用文献资料法,对比较分析法、数理统计法等研究方法对我国中锋在国内联赛和国际大赛上的实际情况进行了分析,得出以下结论1.我国男篮中锋35年来的发展可以分二个时期以姚明的出现来划分。无姚时期1975--1995,这个时期中国男篮是“快、准、灵”的打法,传统的中锋在比赛中主要任务是防守和策应,二中锋是场上内线进攻的主角,该时期中国男篮获得1次男篮世锦赛第8名的成绩。有姚时期1995至今,随着我国男篮中锋球员的身高的不断增加进攻重点由外线转移到内线,巴特尔、王郅志、姚明三大中锋支撑起中国队的内线。该时期先后3次获得奥运会男篮比赛的第8名的成绩,但对中缝姚明的依赖太强。2.在我国C B A联赛中,各俱乐部为了追求成绩纷纷引进外援,除军旅俱乐部八一队外,每个俱乐部引进了1q名外援中锋。国内本土中锋在身高、体重、年龄上比外援中锋低;外援中锋上场时间、出场次数过多,国内中锋多打替补,留给本土中锋的锻炼机会有限;我国本土中锋在3分球命中率上高于外援中锋,外援中锋在理念强调往篮下打,国内中锋的活动范围更大一些;我国本土中锋在失误、犯规的次数上比外援中锋少,出现这种情况与外援中锋的上场时间多有关系;在投篮命中率、罚篮命中率、前后场篮板球、助攻、抢断、盖帽、场均得分上,外援中锋比国内本土中锋好,尤其在前、后场篮板、盖帽、得分上差距大。我国CBA联赛的本土中锋整体水平不高,表现突出的年青中锋人数不多。3.我国国家队的中锋在身高上已达到国际水平,但在体重上不够。我国中锋球员不及美国队中锋强壮,中国队在体形上个体差异性较大,美国队个体差异性很小,这是国家队的中锋在身体对抗上不占优势的关健。我国中锋重复参加国际大赛的次数多,在后备年青中锋的培养上显得不力。4.凶悍意识不强是我国中锋身体对抗差的根源,力量差是我国中锋身体对抗的软肋,始终要把力量训练、凶悍拼斗意识贯穿在中锋的系统训练中。5.篮球智慧一定程度上影响了我国中锋的身体对抗水平。各篮球俱乐部在年青球员培养过程中要加强科学文化的学习,注重社会生活中的各种能力的培养,通过科学系统的篮球训练,形成一种知识结构合理的篮球智慧,“智”越来越左右比赛的胜负。现代中锋的篮下对抗不光斗勇讲凶悍更要斗智讲谋略,没有接受过很好的文化教育的中锋是不符合现代篮球发展的。篮球智慧是运动员合理运用技战术的前提,一定程度上影响中锋球员的身体对抗水平。关健词篮球 男子中锋 发展现状 对策IIAbstractOver the years,become the measure of the intensity center of a national basketball teamis all important criterion for the world’S s仃ong teams,”center who may be the world”is abasketball this giant movement law.In 2009,because of Yao Mine’S injury absence,led thenational team at the 25th Asian Basketball Championship defeat to Iran.Yao Ming’S absencethoroughly exposed the problems of our team,to restore the inside of the actual level of theChinese team.With the rapid development of China s economic construction and people’Sliving standard rising,sports have become a important means to improve the quality of life,resulting in various sports have been an unprecedented development and progress,conductbasketball as the most popular sport one of the items WaS among them.China s basketballcareer as the king has cultivated Zhi Zhi,Yao Ming and other NBA players,and has neverpeople’S attention.Basketball in 2009,several intemational competitions defeat exposed theproblem of people food for thought.In this study,the development process of our Basketball center,combined with ourbasketball center in the domestic and foreign competition,the respective league,the CBA’Sforeign centers,and representatives of the United States in intemational competition of thedream team as the reference object center,in body shape,age,playing the situation,technicalconditions were compared to identify the existence of the gap between the two;understandChina s development center;and poor physical confrontation of our center were analyzed,andproposes countermeasures.Using literature data on the comparative analysis,mathematicalstatistics,research s center on the Chinese domestic league and internationalcompetition in the actual situation on the analysis,the following conclusions1.Basketball center in China 3 5 years of development Can be divided into two periodsin order to divide the emergence of Yao Ming.Yao·free period1 975.1 995,this period ofChinese basketball is”fast,accurate,and spirit”of the play,the traditional center in the gamethe main task is to coordinate the defense and the second center is the ground attack inside themain characters,the Basketball was a time in China during the World BasketballChampionships 8th place finish.With Yao during the1 995present,with the center ofChina Basketball players increasing the height of the offensive shift the focus from outside toIIIinside,Battle,Wang Zhi Zhi,Yao Ming from the three center support inside the Chinese team.Has three times the period of the Olympic Games basketball competition Was the 8th placefinish,but the gap by Laitai Jiang Yao.2.CBA league in China,the clubs have foreign players in pursuit of success,in additionto Military Club on August 1 team,1-2 for each club introduced foreign aid center.Domestichome center in the height,weight,age less than foreign aid center;foreign aid center playingtime,played too many times,come off the bench more than the domestic center,leavinglimited opportunities for the local community center rcise;my local center in the 3-point”wisdom,”more and more about winning or losing.Modem center of the basket against thecourage not only have to fight a battle of wits,have not received a good education in thecenter is not consistent with the development of modem basketball.Basketball Playerswisdom is the prerequisite of rmional use of tactics,to some extent affect the level of physicalconfrontation center players.Key wordsBasketball,Man Basketball Center,Status Devecopment,StrategyV目 录摘要·····”··mm·IAbstract·················································】][【1弓I 言...一··11.1选题依据”l1.2研究目的与意义·22文献综述m”32.1前人对国内、外优秀男篮中锋的研究综述·32.2前人在研究中存在的问题·63研究对象和方法一...83.1研究对象”83.2研究方法_83.1.1文献资料法83.1.2比较分析法83.1.3数理统计法84研究结果与分析m”94.1我国男篮的发展历程·95 结论5.1结论..325.2建议..33参考文献。.34致谢。36VIl
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