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外研版必修一 module 2 重点知识与练习Ⅱ.短语检测1.确定, 确信;查明 2.犯错误 3.取得进步 4.不断/总是做某事 5.结果 6.在某方面干得好 7.事实上 8.睡着 9.讲笑话;开玩笑 10.厌倦了 11.宁愿, 宁可 12.适用于, 合乎的事实make sure make a mistake/make mistakes make progress keep doing sth. as a result do well in sth. in fact fall asleep tell jokes get bored with sth. would rather be true of Ⅲ.佳句再现1.She’s kind and patient, and she explains English grammar _____________even I can understand it她善良耐心, 她解释语法如此清楚甚至于我都能听懂。2.She avoids ____________________ I’ve always hated ________________or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English, but Mrs Li just smiles, ________you don’t feel completely stupid. 她避免让你觉得自己很笨我一直讨厌说英语时出错或读错单词, 但是李老师只是笑笑, 那样你就不会感到自己很笨。3.We don’t dare to say a word ___________________.她不让我们说,我们就不敢说。4.She explains exactly what is happening and ________ my work is .她能精确解释实验现象, 因此我的成绩进步了。5.I think that I will ________ the exam __________________________.我想有陈老师教我, 我一定会考好的。6.This ________ France, Germany, and Spain, ________ discipline and respect for the teacher _________________________. 法国、德国和西班牙情况也是这样, 在那儿人们认为守纪律和尊重老师很重要。词汇学习1 avoid vt. to prevent sth. bad from happening;to stay away from sb. or sth. 避免, 逃避, 躲避, 回避 avoid sth./sb. 躲避某事或某人 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事【相关拓展】只跟v. ing形式 不可用不定式作宾语的常见动词及动词短语有 mind, risk, practise, keep, consider, miss, suggest, enjoy, delay, admit, escape, finish, appreciate, imagine, give up, insist on, can’t help, be worth, look forward to, get down to等。【活学活用】1 Road safety should be taught to young children to_______ ____________________.应该教给小孩子们道路安全规则以避免道路事故。2 I try to avoid _______________on Saturdays because the stores are so crowded. 我尽量不在星期六上街购物, 因为星期六商店里到处都是人。2appreciate vt. to value highly; to be grateful for sth. that sb. has done 欣赏, 赏识;感激1 appreciation n. 欣赏, 赏识;感激2 appreciate one/one’s doing sth. 感激某人 做某事【经典句式】I would appreciate it if如果, 我将不胜感激。【温馨提示】enjoy, like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, appreciate等表示喜好的动词后加it后跟if或when 从句, 构成固定句型。如I don’t like it when people speak with their mouth full.我不喜欢人们满嘴食物时说话。【活学活用】1 I really appreciate your ________ me that great favour yesterday.我非常感激你昨天帮了我很大的忙。2 ________________________you could turn the music down. 如果你把音乐调小一些, 我将不胜感激。3Her abilities _______________________by her employer.她的才干没有完全得到雇主的赏识。3 admit vt. to allow sb./sth. to enter许可进入, 接受某人入院或入学等;to say that you have done sth. wrong 承认, 供认常为不情愿地1 admission n. 承认;允许进入;入场费2 admit sb./sth. to/into 允许进入/加入be admitted to/into 被接收3 admit doing sth. 承认做了【经典句式】It is generally admitted that普遍认为【活学活用】1 George would never _____________________. 乔治从不认错。 2Through her hard work, she _________________________Peking University. 通过努力学习, 她最后被北京大学录取。4 prefer v. to like better更喜欢prefer doing/n. to doing/n. 喜欢尤胜于prefer to dorather than do 宁愿做而不愿做【活学活用】Some people nowadays prefer _______________during the golden week rather than ____out for holidays. = Some people nowadays prefer _______________during the golden week to ________ out for holidays. 现在有些人喜欢在黄金周期间呆在家里而不是外出度假。短语学习1 as a result 因此, 结果1 as a result ___ 由于2 as a consequence 因此, 结果as a consequence of 由于的结果3 result ___ 造成;导致 result from 因 发生【温馨提示】在写作中容易把as a result当连词使用, 导致标点符号和大小写不符合英语规范, 因此要特别注意。【活学活用】1 ___________the pilots’ strike, all flights have had to be cancelled.由于飞行员的罢工, 所有的航班都取消了。2 He had his leg injured. ____________, he had to stay in bed for two weeks. 他的腿受伤了, 结果不得不在床上躺了两周。3 His failure ____________carelessness. 他的失败是由于粗心造成的。2 keep doing sth. 继续/反复做某事 keep sb. Doing 使某人一直做 keep sb. from doing阻止某人做keep up 使保持、维持在同一水平 ;使不低落;继续keep ___with 跟上, 不落后 keep on继续【易混辨析】keep doing和keep on doing 1 keep doingcause a process or state to continue使某一过程或状态继续。如keep smiling 保持微笑, 再笑一笑2 keep on doingcontinue doing sth.;do sth. frequently or repeatedly继续做某事;不断或反复做某事。如 I wish you wouldn’t keep on interrupting me. 我真希望你不要总是打断我。由此可见, keep doing更强调“ 状态的持续, 继续”, 而keep on doing更强调“动作的反复 ”, 但现在这两个短语意义经常混用。【温馨提示】 keep sb. from doing sth.中的 from不能省略, 注意不要和keep sb. doing 混淆。另外与keep sb. from doing意义相似的短语prevent/stop sb. from doing sth.在主动语态中from可以省略, 被动语态中不可以。【活学活用】1Please keep the fire ________. It is too cold here. 请让火一直烧着, 这里太冷了。2 ____________until you reach a large roundabout. 继续走, 直到你到达一个宽阔的环状交叉路口。3What kept you ___________ 什么使你没能来3 make sure of sth./that 确保,查明,核实,弄清楚be sure to do sth一定/务必做某事 for sure 无疑, 肯定, 有把握地be/feel sure ________ 确信, 深信【温馨提示】在make sure的从句中, 如果是谈将来的事情, 要用一般现在时而不是将来时。【活学活用】1I think the door’s locked, but I’d better go and ________ _________________ . 我想门已经锁了, 但我最好还是去查看一下。2You must ______________the time and place. 你必须把时间和地点弄清楚。 3Nobody knows __________what will happen in the future. 没有人能肯定将来会发生什么事。4 ________________your facts你能肯定你的资料属实吗4 would rather 宁愿, 宁可1would rather do sth.宁愿做某事would rather have done sth. 宁愿做过某事 但事实上没做2 would rather do A than do B 宁愿做A 也不做B3 would rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人做某事 用于虚拟语气, 谈现在和将来的情况would rather sb. had done sth.宁愿某人做过某事谈过 去的情况, 但过去的事实是没有做【活学活用】1. 根据汉语意思完成句子1Even though the city was under attack, some old people would rather ___________. 虽然城市正遭受攻击, 但是一些老人就是不愿意撤离。2On hot summer days, I’d rather go out swimming in the river _________________enjoying air conditioners. 在炎热的夏日, 我宁愿外出到河里游泳也不愿呆在家 里享受空调。3 I _____________________________yesterday. 我宁愿昨天已经做了这份工作。2. 单项填空I’d rather you ________ about it. I don’t want to tell you about it. A.don’t know B.didn’t know C .hadn’t known D.haven’t known【解析】 B 由第二句话可知 “你不知道这件事”,因此would rather后面的从句中表达的是与现在相反的虚拟,因此用一般过去时。 句型学习1 I’ve always hated making mistakes or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English, but Mrs Li just smiles, so that you don’t feel completely stupid. 我一直讨厌说英语时出错或读错单词, 但是李老师只是笑笑, 那样你就不会感到自己很笨。句型公式so that引导的状语从句主句+so that 结果状语从句主句+so thatcan/could/may/might/will/would目的状语从句 【归纳比较】1so that引导的目的状语从句中常会有情态动词can, could, may, might, will, would等, 可与in order that 互换;而so that引导的结果状语从句中一般没有情态动词, 有时可以和sothat互换。2so that引导的目的状语从句之前不用逗号, 而so that引导的结果状语从句与主句之间往往用逗号隔开 即略作停顿。【活学活用】1He worked very hard, so that he ________ a good mark in the exam. 他学习非常用功, 结果考试考得很好。2They held a meeting so that they ___________everyone’s ideas.他们召开了一次会议为的是能听到众人的心声。 2 , but I think I’ll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. 但我想, 有陈老师教我, 我一定会考好的。句型公式【活学活用】1. 根据汉语意思完成句子1With so many financial problems ___________, President Obama feels worried. 有那么多金融问题要解决, 奥巴马总统感觉很担忧。2We went through the forest without any difficulty with the guide ________ us. 有导游的引导, 我们毫不费力地穿过了森林。3With the windows ________, it is cooler. 窗户开着, 凉快多了。2. 单项填空_______ his pen _______ , he had to borrow one from me.A.With; lost B.For; lost C.With; losing D.Because; lost 【解析】 A 考查with复合结构。for和because都是连词,后面要跟句子,要说because his pen was/had been lost, 而且for表原因时引导的句子要放在后面,因此排除B 、D。 with后面可以跟复合结构,his pen与lose 之间是逻辑上的被动关系,因此用过去分词作宾补。故选A。课后练习Ⅱ.选词填空make progress, in fact, get bored with , would rather, be true of 1.Our monitor is very clever; ________, he is the cleverest in our class. 2.He is such a person that he won’t ______________staying at home all day. 3.Many people like staying up, and this ___________me. 4.I am glad that I am _________________in my studies. 5.I _________________not say. You know, it’s a secret. Ⅲ.单项填空1.[2010·上海卷] Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues ________ with her stories.A. amused B. amusing C. to amuse D. to be amused【解析】 A 考查非谓语动词。根据句意,sb.与它后面的动词构成被动关系,故用keep +sb./sth.+done结构。2.[2010·湖北卷] If I find someone who looks like the suspect, my ________ reaction will be to tell the police.A. physical B. immediate C. sensitive D. sudden【解析】 B 考查形容词词义辨析。由句意“如果我发现某人长相酷似疑犯,我的第一反应是报告给警察”。physical身体上的;immediate立即的,立刻的;sensitive敏感的;sudden 突然的。3.I think you should complain ________, of course, you are happy with the way things are.A.if B.unless C.as D.because【解析】 B 考查连词。句意我想你应该抱怨 当然除非你对现在的状况满意。unless=if not,正符合语义。4.Ken, ________ , but your TV is going too loud. Oh, I’m sorry. I’ll turn it down right now. A.I’d like to talk with you B.I’m really tired of thisC.I hate to say this D.I need your help【解析】 C 考查交际用语。 I hate to say this意为我真不想说,但5. If you leave the club, you will not be ________ back in. A.received B.admitted C.turned D.moved【解析】 B 考查动词词义辨析。 admit允许进入。6.Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. Sorry. With so much work ________ my mind, I almost break down. A.filled B.filling C .to fill D.being filled【解析】 B 考查with复合结构。在with复合结构中work与fill是逻辑上的主动关系,因此要用现在分词,表示“很多工作占据了我的大脑”。7.He began to take political science ________ only when he left school. A.strictly B.truly C.carefully D.seriously 【解析】 D 考查副词词义辨析。 take something seriously 意思是认真对待某物。8.With no better way to express feelings of love and ________ , it’s easy to see why everyone turns to the flower shop on Mother’s Day.A.appreciation B.inspiration C.satisfaction D.ambition【解析】 A appreciation 意为 “感激,感谢”;inspiration 意为“灵感;鼓舞人心的人或事物”;satisfaction 意为“满意”;ambition 意为“抱负, 雄心, 野心”。appreciation符合句意。9.I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little ________ . A.wait B.time C.patience D.rest【解析】 C 考查名词词义辨析。根据句意可知说话者要求对方要耐心以便等待调查结果。因此选C,patience耐心。而wait是指“等待”这一具体的动作。10.No one can avoid ________ by advertisements. A.to be influenced B.being influenced C.influencing D.having influence【解析】 B 考查avoid 的用法。avoid 后面要加动名词作宾语。句意没有人能够避免被广告影响。因此用being influenced。
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