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初中英语八种时态归纳总结表格版.doc

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1初中英语八种时态归纳时态 意义 时间状语 结构及变化一般现在时经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。always, usually,often , sometimes,every weekday, year , month,Once a week,On Sundays①be 动词肯定主语 be (am/ is /are ) 其他否定主语 am/is/are not 其他问 Be am/ is are 主语 其他答Yes be ./ No ,be not .特殊Wh Be 的疑问句②行为动词肯定主语 do(does) 其他否定主语 don t / doesn’t 动原问句 Do /Does 主语 动原答Yesdo/does ./ No, don’tdoesn’t.特殊Wh do /does 的疑问句一般过去时过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。ago, yesterday,long long ago ,the daybefore yesterday,last weekyear, night ,month,in1989, just now ,at the age of 5, one day,once upon a time,①be 动词肯定主语 was /were) 其他否定主语 wasn’t/were not 其他问 Was/Were 主语 其他答Yes be ./ No ,be not .特殊Wh was/ were 的疑问句②行为动词肯定主语 动词过去式 其他否定主语 did 动原问句 Did 主语 动原答Yesdid. / No, didn’t.特殊Wh did 的疑问句一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。tomorrow, by,next dayweek, month , year,soon, in a few minutes ,the day after tomorrow基本结构 be going to 动原 肯定主语am/is/are/going to do;否主语 am /is /are not going to do问 Be 主语 going to do答Yes be ./ No ,be not特殊Wh Be 主语 going to do 的疑问句will/shall do .肯定主语will /shall 动词原形否定主语will not (won’t) 动词原形问句 Will /Shall 主语 动词原形 答句Yes will . / No ,won’t .特殊Wh will 的疑问句2现在进行时表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。now, look , listenat this time ,these days ,基本结构肯定主语 am/is/are doing否定主语 am/is/are not doing.问 am/is/are 主语 doing 答Yes be ./ No ,be not特殊Wh Be 主语 疑问句过去进行时表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作At this time yesterday,at that time ,或 when 引导的一般过去时的时间状语基本结构肯定主语 was /were doing否定主语 was /were not doing.问 Was /Were 主语 doing 答Yes was/ were ./ No ,was /were not特殊Wh Be 主语 疑问句现在完成时过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。recently,lately,since 时间点for 时间段。(since 时间点ago)in the past few years,基本结构肯定主语 have/has done(动词的过去分词)否定主语 have/has not done. (动词的过去分词)问句 主语have/ has done(动词的过去分词)答Yes have /has ./ No ,have/has not .特殊Wh have/has 主语 疑问句注意当与一段时间连用时,动词要改为延续性动词。have bought have been hadhave borrow have kept have died have been dead have been to have gone to have been in 过去完成时以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即“过去的过去”before,by the end of last year term,month;过去时态的从句基本结构肯定主语 had done(动词的过去分词)否定主语 had not done.(动词的过去分词)问句 主语 had done(动词的过去分词)答Yes had./ No ,had not .特殊Whhad 主语 疑问句过去将来时立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中The next day morning,year, the following month week基本结构肯定主语 was/were going to do;否主语 was/were not going to do问 Be 主语 going to do答Yes be ./ No ,be not特殊Wh Be 主语 going to do 的疑问句②would do .肯定主语 would 动词原形否定主语 would not (wouldn’t) 动词原形问句 Would 主语 动词原形 答句Yes would. / No ,wouldn’t .特殊Wh would 的疑问句3
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